Python vs Ruby & Kotlin vs Swift: Programming Languages comparison

Python vs Ruby & Kotlin vs Swift: Programming Languages comparison


Programming languages


COVID-19 pandemic has given an excellent opportunity for the student and developers to learn and develop new programming languages. There are numerous programming language options to choose from. Developers learning a new programming language need to look at the strength and weaknesses of each option available including tools, libraries, and support behind these languages. Here are four popular programming languages and comparison between them.

Python vs Ruby

Both the programming languages are considered to be beginners friendly. While both are Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) languages, they are not exactly the same.

Python

Python programming language

Python programming language is used for web app development, scientific research, fintech, and machine learning workloads. Python is meant to be an easily readable language. Its formatting is visually uncluttered, and it often uses English keywords where other languages use punctuation. Unlike many other languages, it does not use curly brackets to delimit blocks, and semicolons after statements are optional. It has fewer syntactic exceptions and special cases than C or Pascal. Since Python is n imperative language, conversion from source code to bytecode can create a log.

Ruby

Ruby programming language

Ruby is a general-purpose OOP language that is easy to read and write. It is used for small and ad hoc scripting tasks. Ruby is a blend of Perl, Lisp, Ada, Smalltalk, Eiffel programming languages. It also uses Ruby on Rail (RoR), an open-source web framework that consists of the build for both front-end and server-side development. The only problem with Ruby is its slow startup speed.

Kotlin vs Swift

These two programming languages are used for mobile app development. While there are many similarities between Kotlin and Swift, they have their own advantages and limitations.

Kotlin

Kotlin google's android app programming language

Google has announced Kotlin as its official programming language for Android app development. It is a statically typed programming language that was first created to streamline Android app development. It shares various attributes with Java, making it interoperable with Java. Learning Kotlin is quite easy but, it is still more complex than Java. The drawback of this language is that its small community which provides a limited number of options for problem-solving resources.

Swift

Swift apple's programming language

The programming language developed by Apple intends for iOS development but it works for Android apps as well. Swift was introduced at Apple's 2014 Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC). Swift is designed to work with Apple's Cocoa and Cocoa Touch frameworks and the large body of existing Objective-C code written for Apple products. Swift promotes strict coding standards and inferring types. The compiler also targets ARM and x86 architectures. For those used to Linux, Swift may seem like an immature programming language. It's Linux and native libraries are limited.

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